The dedication of Leo Pap, who was a professor of linguistics and foreign languages at the State University of New York (College at New Paltz), to the research of the Portuguese-American Community is well documented in his published work and the innumerous talks he gave on the subject. In 1976, he published “The Portuguese in the United States: A Bibliography” published by the Center for Migration Studies in Staten Island, New York, that has now been made available online by the Education Resource Education Center. We thank him for his hard work, for recognizing our specificity, and we admire and respect him. Today, June 10th, 2012, on the Day of Portugal, the poet Camões and the Portuguese Communities Abroad, as an expression of our high regard and esteem for Professor Leo Pap, this page will from now on be called “The Leo Pap Portuguese-American Bibliography” in his honor.
(For a Bibliography of Portuguese-American Literature follow this link)
Adams, Hepsy A. “Pilgrims from Portugal.” Westways 45(May 1953): 4-5.
Adão, Deolinda M. (Editor). The voice and choice of women in Portugal and in the diaspora – A vez e a voz da mulher em Portugal e na diaspora. Berkeley, CA: Institute of Governmental Studies P, U of California, Berkeley, 2011.
Adler, James P. Ethnic Minorities in Cambridge. Vol. 1 (Unabridged), The Portuguese. Cambridge, MA: City of Cambridge, 1972.
Aguiar, Cristovao de. Emigração e Outros Temas Ilhéus. Ponta Delgada: Signo, 1990.
Allen, Gardner W. A Naval History of the American Revolution. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.
Allen, James, and Eugene Turner. We the People: An Atlas of America’s Ethnic Diversity. New York: Macmillan, 1998.
Almeida, Carlos. “San Leandro and the Portuguese.” The Pacific Historian 16(Winter 1972): 36-43.
Almeida, Carlos. Portuguese Immigrants (The Centennial Story of the Portuguese Union of the State of California). San Leandro, CA: Supreme Council of U.P.E.C., 1978.
Andrade, Laurinda C. The Open Door. New Bedford, MA: Reynolds-DeWalt, 1968.
Avila, Ermelindo. “John (Portugee) Phillips, Herói Português em terra americana.” Boletim do Nucleo Cultural da Horta 3(December 1962): 35-42.
Avila, Ernestine. “The Cultural Heritage of the Azorean Portuguese of California.” Master’s thesis, CSU, Fresno, 1970.
Baganha, Maria Ioannis Beis. Portuguese Emigration to the United States 1820-1930. New York: Garland Publishers, 1990.
Baker, Charlotte Alice. A Summer in the Azores with a Glimpse of Madeira. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1882.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of California, vol. 7. San Francisco: The History Company, Publishers, 1890.
Bannick, Christian John. “Portuguese Immigration to the United States: Its Distribution and Status.” Thesis, University of California, 1917; reprint, San Francisco: R and E Research, 1971.
Barreno, Maria Isabel, Maria Teresa Horta and Maria Velho da Costa. The Three Marias: New Portuguese Letters. New York, 1976.
Bartlett, Henrietta C. (Editor). A Catalogue of the David N. Carvalho Collection of Incunabula Consisting of a Sequence of Dated Books, 1470-1499, together with a Number of Sixteenth Century Books New York: Dodd & Livingston, 1911..
Benjamin, S.G.W. “Cruise Among the Azores.” Scribners Monthly 6(September 1873): 513-523.
Bigelow, Bruce M. “Aaron Lopez: Colonial Merchant of Newport.” New England Quarterly 4(1931): 757-776.
Bohme, Frederick G. “The Portuguese in California.” California Historical Quarterly 35 (September 1956): 233-252.
Borba, Antonio. “Attitudes of Portuguese-American Parents Toward Bilingual Education.” MA thesis, CSU, Stanislaus, 1980.
Borba, Ernestine Victoria. “Portuguese Immigrant Adjustment and Informal Networks.” Master’s thesis, San Jose State University, 1979.
Branner, John C. A Brief Grammar of the Portuguese Language with Exercises and Vocabularies. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1910.
Brazão, Eduardo. Os Corte Reais e o Novo Mundo. Lisbon: Agencia-Geral do Ultramar, 1965.
Brebner, John Barlet. The Explorers of North America, 1492-1806. New York: Macmillan, 1933.
Brettell, Caroline. Men Who Migrate, Women Who Wait: Population and History in a Portuguese Parish. Princeton, NJ: P University P, 1986.
Brown, Francis J. and Joseph Slabey Roucek, eds. One America: The History, Contributions, and Present Problems of Our Racial and National Minorities. Rev. ed. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1946.
Brown, Robert R. and J.E. Richmond. History of Kings County. Hanford, CA: A.H. Cawston, 1940.
Brown, Walton John. “Portuguese in California.” Master’s thesis, University of Southern California, 1944.
Buchanan, M.A. “Notes on Portuguese Place-Names in North-Eastern America.” Estudios Hispanicos-Homenaje a Archer M. Huntington (1952): 99-104.
Cabral, Stephen L. “Portuguese-American Feasting: Tradition and Change in New Bedford, Massachusetts.” Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1978.
Cardozo, Benjamin Nathan. The Nature of the Judicial Process. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921.
Cardozo, Manoel da Silveira. The Portuguese in America, 590 B.C.-1974: A Chronology and Fact Book. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1976.
Carreiro, Manuel C. “The Participation of the Portuguese Immigrant Female in Higher Education.” Ph.D. diss., Boston College, 1980.
Carvalho, David N. Forty Centuries of Ink, or a Chronological Narrative Concerning Ink and Its Background. New York: Banks Law Publishing Co., 1904.
Carvalho, Solomon Nunes. Incidents of Travel and Adventure in the Far West. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1954.
Centennial Album: Commemorating the First One Hundred Years of the Portuguese Union of the State of California. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C., 1980.
Chapin, Frances W. “Channels for Change: Emigrant Tourists and the Class Structure of Azorean Migration.” Human Organization 51(Spring 1992): 44-52.
Chaplin, Manuela Da Luz. Retalhos de Portugal dispersos pelos Estados Unidos da América: mulheres migrantes de descendência portuguesa. Farmingdale, NJ: Manuela Da Luz Chaplin, 1990.
Chyet, Stanley F. Lopez of Newport: Colonial American Merchant Prince. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970.
Cloud, Enoch Carter. Enoch’s Voyage: Life on a Whaleship, 1851-1854. Edited by Elizabeth Mclean. Wakefield, RI: Moyer Bell, 1994.
Cortês, Carlos E. (Editor). Portuguese Americans and Spanish Americans. New York: Arno P, 1980.
Cortesão, Jaime. Os Portugueses no Descobrimento dos Estados Unidos. Lisbon: Seara Nova, 1949.
Costa, Joaquim. “Colonias Portuguesas nas Ilhas de Havaii e America do Norte.” Boletim da Sociedade de Geographia de Lisboa 30(June 1912): 233-263.
Coutinho, Gago. “Ainda Gaspar Corte-Real.” Boletim da Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa 68:5-6(May-June 1950).
Crane, E. Edward. “Sons of the Azores on Cape Cod (Portuguese).” In Within Our Gates, ed. Mary B. McLellan and Albert V. De Bonis, 275-283. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1940.
Crawford, Richard William. “Whalers from the Golden Gate: A History of the San Francisco Whaling Industry, 1822-1908.” Master’s thesis, 1981.
Crissey, Forest. Where Opportunity Knocks Twice. Chicago: Reilly & Britton, 1914.
Da Rosa, Victor Pereira and Salvato Trigo. Contribuição ao Estudo da Emigração nos Açores. Angra: Leitorado de Português, 1990.
Da Silva, Manuel Luciano. Portuguese Pilgrims and Dighton Rock. Bristol, RI: The Author, 1971.
Davis, Richard Beale. “The Abbe Correa in America, 1812-1820; the Contributions of the Diplomat and Natural Philosopher tothe Foundations of Our National Life.” American Philosophical Society Transactions, N.S. 45(1955): 86-197.
De Melo, Dias. Dark Stones. Providence, RI: Gavea-Brown, 1988.
De San-Payo, Urbino. Os Portugueses na Califórnia. Porto: Secretaria de Estado da Emigação – Centro de Estudos, 1985.
d’Eca, Raul. “The Portuguese in the United States.” Social Science 14(October 1939): 365-369.
Delabarre, Edmund Burke. Dighton Rock: A Study of the Written Rocks of New England. New York: Walter Neale, 1928.
Dias, Eduardo Mayone (Editor). Cantares de além-mar: uma colectânea de poesia vivencial popular de emigrantes portugueses nos Estados Unidos. Coimbra: Por ordem da Universidade, 1982.
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. “A Imigração Portuguesa na Califórnia.” Seara Nova 1515(January 1972): 11-15.
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. “A Presença Portuguese na Califórnia.” Jornal Português, 23 August-18 October 1973. (Translated by Geoffrey L. Gomes with the title “The Portuguese Presence in California.” Copy held at J.A. Freitas Library)
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. “Portuguese Whalemen in America.” Translated and edited by Geoffrey L. Gomes. N.p.: n.d. (Copy held at J.A. Freitas Library, San Leandro, CA)
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. Açorianos na Califórnia. Angra: Colecção Diáspora, 1982.
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. Crônicas da Diáspora. Lisbon: Edicoes Salamandra, 1992.
Dias, Eduardo Mayone. Portugueses na América do Norte. Lisbon: Peregrinação, 1983-1987.
Digges, Jeremiah. (Josef Burger) In Great Water: The Story of the Portuguese Fishermen. New York: Macmillan Company, 1941.
Dorilag, Lourdes. “The Whaling Industry in California.” Master’s thesis, San Jose State University, 1971.
Dos Passos, John. The Portuguese Story: Three Centuries of Exploration and Discovery. New York: Doubleday, 1969.
Dos Santos, Benedicta Quirino. “Portuguese Yankees.” Americas 5(August 1953): 20-23.
Dunn, Joseph. A Grammar of the Portuguese Language. Hispanic Society of America, Hispanic Notes and Monographs, Portuguese Series. Washington, DC: National Capital P, 1928.
Early, Eleanor. And This is Cape Cod! Cambridge: Houghton Mifflin, 1936.
Ellenbacker, John G. “John Phillips’ Heroic Ride.” Pony Express Courier 3(March 1937): 13, 15.
Escobar, João Francisco. The New Method to Learn the Portuguese Language without Teacher, with Figurated Pronunciation of Tones and Sounds. New Bedford, MA: The Portuguese Library, 1913.
Estep, Gerald Allen. Portuguese Assimilation in Hawaii and California. Sociology and Social Research XXVI (1), Sept. Oct. 1941.
Estep, Gerald Allen. Social Placement of the Portuguese in Hawaii as Indicated by Factors in Assimilation. San Francisco: R & E Research Associates, 1974.
Fagundes, Francisco Cota. “O Falar Luso-Americano: Um Índice de Aculturação.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California, Report, 8-17. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Felando, August. “The Fishing Industry in San Diego from 1800 to the Present.” In They Came From the Sea, ed. Carl F. Reupsch, 17-46. San Diego: Cabrillo Historical Association, 1979.
Felix, John Henry and Peter F. Senecal. The Portuguese in Hawaii. Honolulu: The Authors, 1978.
Fernandes, Maria Silveira. “O Fosso Generacional e o Problema de Aculturação dos Jovens Luso-Americanos.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California Report, 28.
Fernandez, Dianna. “Identity Through Ritual: The Holy Ghost Festival in Hayward, California.” Master’s thesis, CSU, Hayward, 1985.
Figueiredo, Fidelino de. “A Collaboração Portuguesa no Descobrimento da América do Norte.” Revista de História 15(1926): 241-263.
Fisher, Anne B. No More a Stranger. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1946.
Fontes, Manuel Braulio da Costa. “Portuguese Folktales from California.” Ph.D. diss., UCLA, 1975.
Fontes, Manuel Braulio da Costa. “The Social Function of Ballads and Vitality of the Portuguese Ballad Tradition in California.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California Report, 33-36. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Fontes, Manuel da Costa (Editor). Romanceiro português dos Estados Unidos. [Coimbra]: Por ordem da Universidade, 1980.
Freitas, Joaquim Francisco. Portuguese-Hawaiian Memories. Reprint of 1930 ed. Newark, Calif.: Communications Concepts, 1992.
Freitas, Vamberto A. Jornal da Emigração – a L(USA)landia Reinventada. Angra: Gabinete de Emigração, 1990.
Freitas, Vamberto A. Para Cada Amanhã: Jornal de Emigrante. Lisbon: Edições Salamandra, 1993.
Friedman, Lee M. Early American Jews. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1934.
Friedman, Lee M. Jewish Pioneers and Patriots. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1942.
Frutuoso, Doutor Gaspar. Livro Quarto das Saudades da Terra. 8 vols. Ponta Delgada: Empresa Gráfica Açoreana, 1977-1987.
Galloway, Brent. “Portuguese Settlement Patterns in 19th Century San Leandro.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California, Report, 37-44. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Garside, Edward B. Cranberry Red. Boston, 1938.
Gayton, A.H. “The ‘Festa da Serreta’ at Gustine.” Western Folklore 7(1948): 251-265.
Glick, C.E. The Portuguese Family System. Honolulu: U of Hawaii, 1931.
Gomes, Geoffrey L. “Bilingualism Among Second and Third Generation Portuguese-Americans in California.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California, Report, 45-46. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Gomes, Peter J. Plymouth. They Knew They Were Pilgrims. Edited by L.D. Geller, 179-186. New York, 1971.
Gouveia, Anna Martins & Margaret F. Araujo. From Madeira to the Sandwich Islands: the Story of a Portuguese Family in Hawaii. Honolulu: Ethnic Resource Center for the Pacific, 1975.
Graves, Alvin. “Azorean Portuguese: A Study of the Portuguese Dairymen in the San Joaquin Valley of California.” Master’s thesis, Fresno State College, 1969.
Graves, Alvin. “Immigrants in Agriculture: The Portuguese Californians, 1850-1970’s.” Ph.D. diss., UCLA, 1977.
Graves, Alvin. “The Portuguese in California, 1850-1880: Geographical Analysis of Early Settlement Phenomena.” U.P.E.C. Life 73(July 1974): 4-7.
Gray, Arthur Amos. Men Who Built the West. Caldwell, ID: Caxton Printers, 1945.
Gregory, Tom. History of Sonoma County California with Biographical Sketches. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1911.
Guinn, J.M. History and Biographical Record of Monterey and San Benito Counties and History of the State of California. 2 vols. Los Angeles: Historic Record Co., 1910.
Gutstein, Morris A. Aaron Lopez and Judah Touro: A Refugee and a Son of a Refugee. New York: Behrman’s, 1939.
Gutstein, Morris A. Aaron Lopez and Judah Touro. The Story of the Jews of Newport: Two and a Half Centuries of Judaism, 1658-1908. New York: Bloch Publishing Co., 1936.
Hallinan, Tim Stirling. “The Portuguese of California.” Master’s thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1964.
Hammond, George P. and Agapito Rey, eds. Narratives of the Coronado Expedition, 1540-1542. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1940.
Hare, Lloyd C.M. Salted Tories: The Story of the Whaling Fleets of San Francisco. Mystic, CN: The Marine Historical Association, 1960.
Heilbron, Carl H., ed. History of San Diego County. San Diego: San Diego Press Club, 1936.
Higgs, David and Grace M. Anderson. The Portuguese in Canada. Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 1982.
Hills, Elijah Clarence & J. D. M. Ford, and Joaquim de Siqueira Coutinho. A Portuguese Grammar. Boston: D.C. Health, 1925.
History of Alameda County California. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1928.
History of Contra Costa County California with Biographical Sketches. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1926.
History of Monterey and Santa Cruz Counties, California. 2 vols. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1925.
Hoffman, F.L. “Portuguese Population in the U.S.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 6(1899): 327-336.
Hohenthal, Helen and Helen Manha Miguel. “The Portuguese: an Important Element.” In Streams in a Thirsty Land: A History of the Turlock Region, ed. Helen Alma Hohenthal, 87-97. Turlock, CA: City of Turlock, 1972.
Holland, Hjalmar R. Explorations in America Before Columbus. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1956.
Holmes, Lionel, and Joseph D’Alessandro. Portuguese Pioneers of the Sacramento Area. Sacramento, CA: Portuguese Historical and Cultural Society, 1990.
Holmes, Urban Tiger. “Portuguese Americans.” In Our Racial and National Minorities, ed. Francis J. Brown and Joseph Slabney Roucek, 394-405. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1937.
Holmes, Urban Tigner, Jr., in One America: the History, Contributions and Present Problems of Our Racial and National Minorities. Edited by Francis James Brown and Joseph Slabey Roucek. N.Y.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1937, 1945.
Irvine, Leigh H. History of Humboldt County California with Biographical Sketches. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1915.
Jerome, Tony. Memories of a Portuguese Immigrant to the San Joaquin Valley. Stevinson, CA: San Joaquin Publishing, 1991.
Jones, Maldwyn Allen. American Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.
Keith, Henry H. “Emigração Portuguesa para os Estados Unidos.” Communidades Portuguesas 23(July 1971): 4-12.
Kettenring, N. Ernest. A Bibliography of Theses and Dissertations on Portuguese Topics Completed in the U.S. and Canada 1861-1983. Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Modern Portugal, 1984.
Khteian-Keeton, T. and Tony Codina. The Portuguese and the Port. San Diego: The Author, 1978.
Kittredge, Henry C. Cape Cod: Its People and Their History. 2d ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968.
Lane, Diane Amaral. “Portuguese Religious Festivals.” MA thesis, CSU, Chico, 1978.
Lang, Henry R. The Portuguese Element in New England. Journal of American Folklore 5: 9-18 (1892).
Lang, Henry Roseman. “Portuguese Element in New England.” Journal of American Folklore 5 (1892): 9-17.
Lang, Henry Roseman. O Elemento Português na Nova Inglaterra. Horta: Camara Municipal da Horta, 1989.
Lebeson, Anita Libman. Jewish Pioneers in America, 1492-1848. New York: Behrman’s, 1938.
Lebeson, Anita Libman. Pilgrim People. New York: Harper, 1950.
Leder, Hans Howard. Cultural Persistence in a Portuguese-American Community. Ph.D. diss., Stanford University, 1968; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1980.
Levinger, Lee J. A History of the Jews in the United States. Cincinnati: Union of the American Hebrew Congregations, 1930.
Lewis, Theodore H., ed. “The Narrative of the Expedition of Hernando de Soto, by the Gentlemen of Elvas.” In Original Narratives of Early American History: Spanish Explorers in the Southern United States 1528-1543, 127-272. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1925.
Lincoln, Joseph C. The Portygee. New York, 1920.
Magers, Deborah. “An Evaluation of Ethnic Identity and the Persistent Cultural Identity System for the Portuguese Community of the East Bay.” Honor’s Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1977.
Marinho, Rita Duarte and Elmer E. Cornwell. O Luso-Americano – Estudo Duma Situação Concreta. Angra: Regiaão Autônoma dos Açores, 1992.
Martin, Percy Alvin. “Portugal in America.” Hispanic American Historical Review 17 (1937): 182-210.
Mazzatenta, O. Louis. New England’s Little Portugal, National Geographic 147 (January 1975), 90-109.
McCabe, Marsha & Joseph D. Thomas, with Tracy A. Furtado and Jay Avila (Editors). Portuguese Spinner – an American story: stories of history, culture, and life from Portuguese Americans in southeastern New England. New Bedford, MA: Spinner P, 1998.
McGowan, Owen Thomas Paul. “Factors Contributing to School Leaving Among Immigrant Children: The Case of the Portuguese in Fall River, Massachusetts.” Ph.D. diss., Catholic University of America, 1976.
Miland, Emil Querineau. “Portuguese Folk Music in Santa Clara County, California.” MA thesis, Stanford University, 1946.
Mira, Manuel. The forgotten Portuguese. Franklin, NC: Portuguese-American Historical Research Foundation, Inc., 1998.
Moniz, Rita. “The Portuguese of New Bedford, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island: A Comparative Micro-Analysis of Political Attitudes and Behavior.” Ph.D. diss., Brown University, 1979.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. Portuguese Voyages to America in the Fifteenth Century. New York: Octagon Books, 1965.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A.D. 500-1600. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, A.D. 1492-1616. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783-1860. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921.
Morrison, Annie L. and John H. Haydon. History of San Luis Obispo County and Environs. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1917.
Mowry, Emily Yates. “Portuguese Colonies in California: A Problem in Race Amalgamation.” Out West, N.S. 1(January 1911): 114-117.
Mudd, Patricia Marirea. Portuguese Bermudians: Early History and Reference Guide: 1849-1949. Louisville, KY: Historical Research Publishers, 1991.
Nichols, Thomas Leo. “California Shore Whaling: 1854 to 1900.” Master’s thesis, CSU, Northridge, 1983.
Oliver, Lawrence. “Holy Ghost Festival in San Diego.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California, 54-55. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Orbach, Michael K. Hunters, Seaman, and Entrepreneurs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.
Outcalt, John. A History of Merced County, California with a Biographical Review. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1925.
Pap, Leo. Portuguese Pioneers and Early Immigrants in North America. Actas, V. Colóquio Internacional de Estudos Luso-Brasileiros I (5-15). Coimbra, 1965.
Pap, Leo. Portuguese-American speech: an outline of speech conditions among Portuguese immigrants in New England and elsewhere in the United States. New York: King’s Crown P, 1949.
Pap, Leo. The Portuguese in the United States: A Bibliography. Staten Island, NY: Center for Migration Studies, 1976.
Pap, Leo. The Portuguese-Americans. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981.
Patterson, George. “The Portuguese on the North-East Coast of America and the First European Attempt at Colonization There: A Lost Chapter in American History.” Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 8(1890): 127-173.
Pell, Herbert. “L’exploration Portugais et l’Amerique du Nord.” O Instituto (Coimbra)95(1939): 46-70.
Pell, Herbert. “The Old Stone Mill, Newport.” Rhode Island History 7(October 1948): 105-119.
Poage, George Rawlings. “The Coming of the Portuguese.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 18(April 1925): 101-135.
Prestage, Edgar. The Portuguese Pioneers. London: Black, 1933.
Purcell, Joanne B. “Portuguese Traditional Ballads from California.” MA thesis, UCLA, 1968.
Ribeiro, José Luis. Portuguese Immigrants and Education. Bristol, RI: Portuguese-American Federation, 1982.
Ribeiro, Mario Telles. “A Comunidade Portuguesa de San Diego e a Indústria da Pesca do Atum.”In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California Report, 23. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Robertson, James, ed. True Relation of the Hardships Suffered by Governor Fernando de Soto and Certain Portuguese Gentlemen During the Discovery of the Province of Florida; Now Newly Set Forth by a Gentleman of Elvas. 2 vols. Publications of the Florida Historical Association, no. 11. DeLand, FL: Florida State Historical Society, 1932-1933.
Rocha, Craig Dale. “Culture and Education in Comunidade: The Portuguese-American Community of San Diego, California.” Ph.D. diss., International University, 1976.
Rogers, Francis Millet. Americans of Portuguese Descent: A Lesson in Differentiation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1974.
Rogers, Francis Millet. The Portuguese Experience in the United States: Double Melt or Minority Group? The Journal of the American Portuguese Society, X (Spring 1976), 1-15.
Rogers, Francis Millet. The Portuguese heritage of John Dos Passos. Boston: Portuguese Continental Union of the United States of America, 1976.
Rogers, Francis Millet. The Portuguese of Southeastern New England: Suggestions for Research, Luso-Brazilian Review XI (Summer 1974), 3-18.
Rosa, Victor da and Salvato Trigo. Contribuição ao Estudo da Emigração nos Açores. Angra: Gabinete de Emigração, 1990.
Ross, Edward Alsworth. The Old World in the New: The Significance of Past and Present Immigration to the American People. New York: Century Co., 1914.
Roth, Cecil. A History of the Marranos. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1932.
Russell-Wood, A. J. R. A World on the Move: The Portuguese in Africa, Asia, and America, 1415-1808. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1993.
Salvador, Mari Lyn. Festas Aoreanas: Portuguese Religious Celebrations in California and the Azores. Oakland: Oakland Museum History Department, 1981.
Salvador, Martinha. “Portuguese Pioneers of Southern California.” Paper, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, 1970.
Sanders, Thomas G. “Portuguese Migrants — International and Domestic.” In UFSI Reports, 1985/No. 18, 1-8. Indianapolis: Universities Field Staff International, 1985.
Sandoval, John S. “Hayward Portuguese Troudour.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California, Report, 47-50. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Santos, Benedicta Quirino dos. Portuguese Yankees, Americas V (August 1953), 20-24.
Santos, M. G. Almanach Portuguez de Hawaii para 1911: Um livro de referencia e informação geral relativo ao territorio de Hawaii, Portugal, Madeira e Açores. Honolulu: Companhia Editora do Pacífico, 1911.
Santos, Robert L. Azoreans to California: A History of Migration and Settlement. Denair, Calif.: Alley-Cass, 1995.
Sauer, Carl O. Sixteenth Century North America. Berkeley: U of California P, 1971.
Scheiderman, Harry. “Jewish-Americans.” In Our Racial and National Minorities, eds. Francis J. Brown and Joseph S. Roucek, 406-425. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1937.
Scott, Winfield. “Portuguese Colonies in California.” Out West, N.S. 1(April 1911): 290-293.
Serpa, Caetano Valadão. Guiomar: Um Apontamento de Emigrante. Angra: Alamo Oliveira, 1990.
Silva, Manuel Luciano da. Portuguese Pilgrims and the Digton Rock: The First Chapter in American History. Bristol, RI: Nelson D. Martins, 1971.
Silva, Nydia R. Palva da. “Problemas Educativos dos Jovens Luso-Americanos.” In Symposium (1st: 1974, San Leandro, CA) on the Portuguese Presence in California Report, 25-27. San Leandro, CA: U.P.E.C. Cultural Center, 1974.
Smith, M. Estellie. “Portuguese Enclaves: The Invisible Minority.” In Social and Cultural Identity, ed. Thomas K. Fitzgerald, 81-91. Athens: University of Georgia Press,1974.
Smith, William Carlson. Americans in the Making. New York: Appleton-Century, 1939.
Soares, Celestino. California and the Portuguese: How the Portuguese Helped to Build Up California. Lisbon: SPN, 1939.
Sola Pool, David de. “The Use of Portuguese and Spanish in the Historic Shearith Israel Congregation in New York.” In Studies in Honor of M.J. Benardete, eds. I.A. Langnas and B. Sholod, 359-362. New York: Las Americas Publishing Co., 1965.
Sola Pool, David de. Portraits Etched in Stone: Early Jewish Settlers, 1862-1831. New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.
Starbuck, Alexander. History of the American Whale Fishery from its Earliest Inception to the Year 1876. 2 vols. New York: Argosy-Antiquarian, 1964.
Starks, Edwin C. A History of California Shore Whaling. California Fish and Game Commission, Fish Bulletin, no. 6. Sacramento: California State Printing Office, 1922.
Taft, Donald R. Two Portuguese Communities in New England. Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1923; reprint, New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1969.
Tavares, Belmira E. Portuguese Pioneers in the United States. Fall River, MA: R. E. Smith, 1973.
Thickens, Virginia. “Pioneer Agricultural Colonies of Fresno County.” California Historical Society Quarterly 25(March 1946): 17-38, 169-177.
Thomes, William H. The Whaleman’s Adventure in the Sandwich Islands and California. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1872.
Tinkham, George Henry. History of Stanislaus County, California: With Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men and Women . . . 2 vols. Los Angeles: Historic Record Co.; reprint, Evansville, IN: Unigraphic, 1979.
Vandor, Paul E. History of Fresno County California with Biographical Sketches. 2 vols. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1919.
Vaz, August Mark. Cooking With a Portuguese Flavor. San Francisco: Filmer Brothers Press, 1967.
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